The Everglades National Park in Florida

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| 19 abril, 2013 | 0 Comments

The Everglades National Park in Florida

The Everglades National Park is one of the world’s largest subtropical moors. Located in South Florida, the Everglades National Park is the most savage of the United States. It is a swamp with an area of ​​6,000 square kilometers that seems endless.

Because of its wild beauty and the large number of exotic animals that inhabit the place, the Everglades have been declared World Heritage Site, Biosphere Reserve and Wetland of International Concern.

The Everglades have changed dramatically throughout history. Originally Everglades on 3,000,000 acres stretching from Lake Okeechobee to Florida Bay. This territory is known as the Historic Everglades. The settlers, who came to southern Florida in the early 1900s, much of the wetland drained for housing and planting various crops. Waters channeled also provided a steady supply of the precious liquid for personal use and also protect against flooding that occurred frequently. Gradually Everglades size was reduced.

Eventually people began to recognize the various functions of wetland ecosystems, including their importance as habitat for many rare species of microorganisms, plants and animals. However, by then, the agriculture sector was in frank prosperity and Florida residents depended on Everglades water. The people of South Florida also needed for flood control mechanisms.

In an attempt to please everyone, and protect what was left of the Everglades, the government decided to divide the land. Of the 3,000,000 acres known as the Historic Everglades, the northern region, with 1,000,000 acres, was designated as the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA). At present, much of this land is used for growing sugar cane. In 1947, 1,500,000 acres in the southern part of the Historic Everglades were designated as the Everglades National Park. This park consists of various kinds of wetlands that serve as habitat for a great diversity of plants and animals. In the remaining 500,000 acres, located in the central part of the Historic Everglades, established a water conservation area with a system of canals, dams and dikes that are used for flood control in the large cities of Florida.

The Everglades National Park in Florida 2

In there is a thriving wetland vegetation that covers everything, the marshes are covered with a very long thin grass swaying in the wind as he greets his visitors.

Due to the thin layer of water that covers it all, the only way to see the Everglades is aboard a hovercraft (a kind of boat that works with a large fan) and this is the first thing you will do to get to the farm, wetlands go full speed in search of crocodiles and alligators.

The Everglades National Park in Florida 3

If the boat ride has opened your appetite, in the farm restaurant will have the chance to try one of the delicious dishes made from local wildlife (eg, a nutritious burger crocodile).

After lunch, you can delight yourself with the exciting crocodile shows that take place on the farm, in addition to fotografiaros with different copies.

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Category: Natural landscapes, Place of interest, United States

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